Francisco Félix de Sousa, 1840s

Description

Francisco Félix de Souza (4 October 1754 – 8 May 1849) was a Brazilian (born to Portuguese colonists) and a slave trader who was deeply influential in the regional politics. He founded Afro-Brazilian communities in areas that are now part of those countries, and went on to become the "chachá" of Ouidah, a title that conferred no official powers but commanded local respect in the Kingdom of Dahomey. He was jailed by King Adandozan of Dahomey, but then helped Ghezo ascend the throne in a coup d'etat, which gained Dahomey independence from Oyo. He became chacha to the new king, a curious phrase that has been explained as originating from his saying "ja ja", a Portuguese phrase meaning something will be done right away. Francisco Félix de Souza was a major slave trader and merchant who traded in palm oil, gold and slaves. He was born in El Salvador in Bahia, Brazil; and then migrated to West Africa to trade in slaves. Trading slaves for Dahomey, de Souza was known for his extravagance and was reputed to have had at least 80 children with women in his harem. He was buried in Dahomey.

Source Oil picture phtographed by Centro de Estudo Africanos and published in Alberto Costa e Silva. O Brasil, a África e o Atlântico no Século XIX.

Citation

"Francisco Félix de Sousa, 1840s", Slavery Images: A Visual Record of the African Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Early African Diaspora, accessed February 26, 2021, http://yorubadiaspora.org/s/yorubadiaspora/item/3454
Francisco Félix de Souza (4 October 1754 – 8 May 1849) was a Brazilian (born to Portuguese colonists) and a slave trader who was deeply influential in the regional politics. He founded Afro-Brazilian communities in areas that are now part of those countries, and went on to become the "chachá" of Ouidah, a title that conferred no official powers but commanded local respect in the Kingdom of Dahomey. He was jailed by King Adandozan of Dahomey, but then  helped Ghezo ascend the throne in a coup d'etat, which gained Dahomey independence from Oyo. He became chacha to the new king, a curious phrase that has been explained as originating from his saying "ja ja", a Portuguese phrase meaning something will be done right away. Francisco Félix de Souza was a major slave trader and merchant who traded in palm oil, gold and slaves. He was born in El Salvador in Bahia, Brazil; and then migrated to West Africa to trade in slaves. Trading slaves for Dahomey, de Souza was known for his extravagance and was reputed to have had at least 80 children with women in his harem. He was buried in Dahomey.

Source Oil picture phtographed by Centro de Estudo Africanos and published in Alberto Costa e Silva. O Brasil, a África e o Atlântico no Século XIX.
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