The Portuguese Schooner, Esperança, left Bahia 13 November 1820 and purchased 183 enslaved people at the Costa da Mina (no date recorded). This broad region corresponds to a coastal strip in the Gulf of Guinea encompassing the Gold Coast and Bight of Benin. While some ships leaving ports along the Gold Coast would not have carried Yoruba speakers, many of these ships would have been avoiding British blockades and likely traded further east in the Bight of Benin, most especially between Little Popo, Ouidah and Lagos. The captain, Luís Pacheco da Silva, sailed the vessel, owned by Joaquim José Duarte da Silva, back toward Brazil as intended, when it likely landed at São Salvador da Bahia in 1821. Only 160 people survived the Middle Passage. For more information, see Map of 1820.
As Referenced in Voyages
Arquivo Histórico Municipal de Salvador (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), AHMS, 27, 2, p. 52.
Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), APEB, cod 456, p. 298v.