The Portuguese Brig, Constante, left Bahia on 10 December 1818 and purchased 273 enslaved people at the Costa da Mina (no date recorded). This broad region corresponds to a coastal strip in the Gulf of Guinea encompassing the Gold Coast and Bight of Benin. While some ships leaving ports along the Gold Coast would not have carried Yoruba speakers, many of these ships would have been avoiding British blockades and likely traded further east in the Bight of Benin, most especially between Little Popo, Ouidah and Lagos. The captain, Martinho José Batista, sailed the vessel, owned by Domingos Pacheco Pereira, back toward Brazil as intended, when it landed at São Salvador da Bahia in 1819. Only 250 people survived the Middle Passage. For more information, see Map of 1818.
As Referenced in Voyages
Arquivo Histórico Municipal de Salvador (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), AHMS, 27.2, p. 29v.
Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), APEB, cod 456, p. 292.