The Portuguese Schooner, Bonfim, left Bahia on 15 September 1819 and purchased 183 enslaved people at the Costa da Mina (no date recorded). This broad region corresponds to a coastal strip in the Gulf of Guinea encompassing the Gold Coast and Bight of Benin. While some ships leaving ports along the Gold Coast would not have carried Yoruba speakers, many of these ships would have been avoiding British blockades and likely traded further east in the Bight of Benin, most especially between Little Popo, Ouidah and Lagos. The captain, Manoel Pereira dos Santos, sailed the vessel, owned by Manoel José Freire de Carvalho, back toward Brazil as intended, when it landed at São Salvador da Bahia in 1820. Only 160 people survived the Middle Passage. For more information, see Map of 1819.
As Referenced in Voyages
Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), APEB, cod 456, p. 294.
Arquivo Histórico Municipal de Salvador (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), AHMS, 27.2, p. 38v.