The Portuguese Bergantin, Estrela, left Bahia 29 January 1821 and purchased 390 enslaved people at the Costa da Mina (no date recorded). This broad region corresponds to a coastal strip in the Gulf of Guinea encompassing the Gold Coast and Bight of Benin. While some ships leaving ports along the Gold Coast would not have carried Yoruba speakers, many of these ships would have been avoiding British blockades and likely traded further east in the Bight of Benin, most especially between Little Popo, Ouidah and Lagos. The captain, Marcelino Álvares da Cruz Rios, sailed the vessel, owned by Manoel Francisco Moreira, back toward Brazil as intended, when it likely landed at São Salvador da Bahia in 1821. Only 353 people survived the Middle Passage. For more information, see Map of 1821.
As Referenced in Voyages
Arquivo Público do Estado da Bahia (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), APEB, cod 456, p. 299v.
Arquivo Histórico Municipal de Salvador (Salvador da Bahia, Brazil), AHMS, 27.2, p. 52.